The class Salutatorian is the high school or college graduate who finishes with the second highest GPA out of his or her class. They are second to the valedictorian, who has the highest overall GPA. Historically, the class salutatorian would speech first at a graduation or commencement, giving the salutation address. The valedictorian historically speaks last, giving the valedictory. The salutation and typical responsibilities of the salutatorian vary by region and school.
Some ivy league universities, such as Princeton, have a speech delivered in Latin, calling it the latin Salutatorian.
Students who achieve the Salutatorian status typically fall short of the valedictorian status by a few fractions of a point. This position is usually close in competition.